ARTtalk Each month you’ll
find informative articles that deal with a variety of subjects such as
artists and art history, current events and art world news, schools,
competitions and workshops, and a Kids?Korner. Subjects vary each month.
art supplies, airbrushing, drawing, painting, printmaking, sculpture,
ceramics, matting and framing, arts and crafts, and more. These explain
various techniques—how to work and paint with artist's watercolor on
paper, oils or acrylics on artist canvas; how to use pastels, pencils or
pen and ink; how to work with different surfaces grounds; how to paint
with the airbrush and compatible materials; the use of projectors and
light boxes in your work and more. You’ll also find artists information on
magazines, art books. (Established 1990)
- posted May 1, 2015
(ARTtalk’s latest cybercopy is posted on
the 1st of every month.)
Buy your tickets now for the most anticipated garden event
of the year—LANDSCAPE
Saturday, June 13
Come hear landscape experts Cole Burrell,
Luciano Giubbilei, and Janice
Sunday, June 14
Tour five Wainscott and East Hampton
estates, including the gardens of Jane and Michael DeFlorio,
Toni Ross, and Robin and Fred Seegal.
SPECIAL COCKTAIL PARTY!
Saturday evening, June 13
Supporters at the Sponsor level and above will be
invited for cocktails at the breathtaking Southampton garden
and home of Marcia Riklis. This classic
windswept oceanfront estate has fantastic sunset views over
Shinnecock Bay. Designed by Edwina von Gal with Abby Clough
Lawless of Farm Design, the property offers a variety of
seating areas, gardens and paths that take advantage of
grade changes and the micro climates they afford.
BENEFIT COMMITTEE TICKETS
Includes Saturday lectures, Sunday garden tours, and
Saturday evening cocktail party
Benefactor: $1,000 each
Sponsor: $350 each
Includes Saturday lectures and Sunday garden tours
Non-Member: $225 each
Member: $175 each
Landscape Pleasures 2015 has been made possible, in part,
with generous sponsorship from LaGuardia Design Landscape
Photos: Top left, Janice Parker, middle left, Luciano
Giubbilei, bottom left, Cole Burrell; right, The garden of
Jane and Michael DeFlorio to be featured on the 2015 tour,
Photo Jeff Heatly.
279 Montauk Highway Water Mill, NY 11976
T 631-283-2118 F 631-283-7006
56th Venice Biennale, All the World’s Futures, opens on May 9 thru
Nov. 22 at the Giardini and the Arsenale as well as various other
venues in Venice, with 53 countries participating. African artist
El Anatsui will receive the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement and
Susanne Ghez of the U.S. will receive a Special Golden Lion for
Services to the Arts
Stained Glass Windows at West Point” is a new documentary by Norman
Shaifer available on DVD. A brief history of the images and
inspirations is included for all 178 windows of the Cadet Chapel, as
well as a documentary on the legendary Willet Studios, commissioned
to create the Chapel’s Sanctuary window.
Exceptional Gift Received
— The Art
Institute of Chicago has received the largest gift of art in the
museum’s history. The Stefan T. Edlis and Gael Neeson Collection of
42 iconic contemporary works includes those by Warhol, Johns,
Rauschenberg, Richter, Lichtenstein, Richter, Twombly and others.
Nasher Sculpture Center, Dallas, has established a $100,000 award to
recognize outstanding contributions to the field. The Nasher Prize,
an annual international award, will be presented to a living artist
in recognition of a significant body of work that has had an
extraordinary impact on the understanding of the art form. The
inaugural winner will be announced in fall of this year.
Cheryl R. Ganz, retired curator of the Smithsonian National Postal
Museum, was asked to name the most influential stamp of the past 25
years (of about 2,500 issued). Based on content, design and
production, she chose the
Breast Cancer Research semipostal stamp, which came out in
1998. Illustrator Whitney Sherman came up with a figure that
reminded her of the Greek goddess of the hunt, Artemis, whom she
rendered using fluid lines and soft tones. The USPS has sold over
985 million stamps, raising more than $81 million for breast cancer
— The Dia
Art Foundation has announced the launch of a new artist web project,
“Poetry as not, with singing,” by Nick Mauss and Ken Okiishi.
Visitors are positioned as poetic generators in which their type is
translated into disjointed text and, at times, audible song.
Yaddo, the famed artist retreat in Saratoga Springs, NY, has
received a grant of $250,000 for ongoing renovation of the mansion,
built in 1893. Since opening in 1926, the retreat has hosted 6,500
artists, including James Baldwin, Leonard Bernstein, Sylvia Plath
and others of renown.
Masterpiece on View
Frederic Edwin Church’s majestic canvas
Niagara, 1857, is now on
view in the West Building, National Gallery of Art, D.C. This
iconic work was acquired by the Corcoran Gallery of Art in 1876 and
has since entered the collection of the NGA as part of a historic
arrangement between the two institutions. The tremendous success of
this work both in the U.S. and abroad secured Church’s reputation as
the most famous American painter of the time.
5—Cinco De Mayo; 10—Mother’s Day; 16—Armed Forces Day; 25—Memorial
Crossings—Opening May 3-Nov. 1, the Thomas Cole National
Historic Site (Catskill, NY) and Olana State Historic Site (Hudson,
NY) will co-host this landmark exhibition of contemporary art to
highlight the pivotal role that the two historic properties played
in shaping America’s culture of contemporary art. Among the 28
artists represented are Romare Bearden, Chuck Close, Maya Lin,
Martin Puryear and Cindy Sherman.
the Looking Glass: Daguerreotype Masterworks from the Dawn of
Photography, Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Vassar College,
Poughkeepsie, NY—Thru June 14. A comprehensive collection of
150 daguerreotypes offer an extensive look at this 19th C. medium
and include all major genres of the form: portraiture, landscapes,
architectural studies and more.
Through the Looking Glass—Opening May 7 thru Aug. 16,
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC. In this collaboration between
The Costume Institute and the Dept. of Asian Art, high fashion will
be juxtaposed with Chinese costumes, paintings, porcelains and other
art, including films, to reveal enchanting reflections of Chinese
Sculpture Biennial 2015, Kingston, NY. Aug. 1—Oct. 31.
Emerging/established artists are invited to show existing sculptures
or create site-specific installations in a variety of locations
throughout the city. 3-D work in any media, preferably
unconventional and thought-provoking, is eligible for consideration.
Deadline: May 15.
Arts Writers Grant Program funded by The Andy Warhol
Foundation for the Visual Arts. Twenty individual authors whose
work addresses contemporary visual art will receive project-based
grants ranging from $15,000 to $50,000. Deadline: May 21.
Apply online at artswriters.org.
the Canvas: Process & Product, Mill Street Loft, Poughkeepsie,
NY. May 23—June 20. Art that never makes it to gallery walls
will be showcased: tattoos, costumes, steampunk pieces industrial
design, graffiti, graphic design, etc. Works will be accepted for
the length of the exhibition or for the reception only (e.g.,
motorcycles, custom bikes, etc., at MSL’s discretion).
Big Read-Teen Art Contest—The Grapes of Wrath, sponsored by
Poughkeepsie Public Library District. High school students are
invited to submit a poster or photograph that represents a theme
from John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath. All pieces will be
displayed in June at the Adriance Memorial Library. Cash prizes. Deadline:
Annual Governors Island Art Fair (NY Harbor), each
weekend in Sept., sponsored by 4heads. 100 artists, designers
or galleries from around the globe are each awarded an exhibition
room in a historic building and, once selected, space is free. Deadline:
G.O.S.T Open Studio Tour,
Gardiner, NY, May 2- 3.
Annual Beacon Open Studios,
May 16-17. beaconopenstudios.org;
Annual Peekskill Open Studios,
June 6-7, 12-5 p.m.
Annual Museum Mile Festival, NYC, June 9, 6-9 p.m. The
Guggenheim hosts live outdoor music and special family-friendly
programs, Fifth Ave. between 82nd St. and 105th St.; visit 9
cultural institutions, which are free and open to the public.
handmade Pop-Up Show, Arts MidHudson, Poughkeepsie. Shop local
for Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, etc. 4/5 (5:30-7:30 p.m.)—5/16.
Spring Benefit, Beacon, NY, May 31. Day-long celebration with
reception, luncheon, children’s program and preview of Robert
Irwin’s Excursus: Homage to the Square. Tickets: 212.293.5513
. PRESS RELEASE
Coming Soon: Botticelli to Braque: Masterpieces
from the National Galleries of Scotland
March 7–May 31, 2015 |
de Young | Herbst Exhibition Galleries
See paintings by many of the greatest artists from
the Renaissance to the 20th century—including El
Greco, Rembrandt, Vermeer, Degas, Monet, Gauguin,
and Picasso—in an exclusive West Coast
presentation of 55 works from the National
Galleries of Scotland, one of the world's premier
art collections. Also featured are British artists
Sir Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough, icon
of the Scottish school Sir Henry Raeburn,
and Americans Frederic Edwin Church and John
This rare presentation continues the Fine Arts
Museums’ tradition of presenting works from
acclaimed museums around the world.
See the exhibition before it opens to the public,
and enjoy free admission to all special
exhibitions as a FAMSF Member. Join
ART in Beacon NY
THE ARTIST’S MARKETPLACE
Robert Paschal, MFA
Basic Airbrush Workshop—Beacon,
Learn the fundamentals of airbrush technique in a concise 3-hour
hands-on class, designed for the novice who wishes to paint fine art,
crafts, signs, customized autos/bikes/snowboards and myriad other objects.
Seating is limited. All equipment/materials are provided. 845.831.1043;
Camp Cōkaboodie in the Adirondacks
Jerry Savarie Road (off Big Brook Road) Indian Lake, NY
are located on Lake Abanakee with beautiful views and sunsets!
Airbrush History Trivia
—Abner Peeler, of Webster City, IA, invented the
airbrush in 1878. Imagine, over 130 years ago! Abner, a
professional inventor who tinkered with things such as screw
machines, bicycles and typewriters, developed this painting
tool—originally called a “paint distributor”—specifically for
photographic retouching. The paint distributor, which was similar
to today’s oscillating internal-mix airbrush, had a wooden handle
with metal parts and sold for the incredible price of $10. The
first such airbrush was sold to S. M. Thomas, and we know that the
first painting completed with this paint distributor was a
self-portrait of Peeler himself done by his wife on an enlarged
The painter Man Ray (1890-1977) is probably the
first fine artist to exhibit paintings done exclusively with the
airbrush. Ray, considered the only American Dadaist, learned to use
the airbrush while working in an ad agency in New York City between
1917 and 1919. His fine art airbrush renderings were shown in NYC
galleries and called “aerographs.?nbsp; Looking at them with today’s
standards of what we consider airbrush painting, these works of art
would be considered simplistic—but at that time, totally new.
They consisted of images developed by airbrushing around found
objects, such as paper cutouts, tools and paper clips that were used
simply as stencils. Man Ray worked flat on a table, allowing
gravity to hold the stencils in place, and sprayed around them with
black ink. He repeated these images in both opaque and
transparent ink and the end products lent themselves to the look of
.It is said that Man Ray was primarily interested in
producing paintings with a smooth machine-like finish. And because
the ink was airbrushed onto the surface, there were no brush strokes
in the artwork, which imparted an industrial appearance. An
excellent collection of his works is held by and exhibited at The
Art Institute of Chicago; and even viewed today, their simplicity is
Pablo Ruiz Picasso 1881 - 1972
There is much that could be written about Pablo
Picasso, arguably the greatest artist of the His influence on several generations of artists
and his recognition as the founder of many art periods, most
famously that of cubism, attests to his immersion in creativity. For
80 years of the 91 he lived, he devoted himself to an artistic
production that contributed to development of modern art of the 20th
century. And, all the while, Picasso was a man who loved women.
During his life he had affairs, lived with or married over six women
and fathered four children. He abhorred being alone when he was not
Aside from the tumultuous personal life, Picasso was
devoted to his art. During his early years he abandoned most of the
classical training given him by his father and first instructor for
his own interpretation of the world around him. Five “periods?are
recognized as brought to life by Picasso.
Most have heard of his Blue Period that lasted from
1901 to 1904 in which somber, blue tinted paintings prevailed. These
were influenced by the loss of a friend. Images of this period
include depictions of acrobats, prostitutes, beggars and artists.
His Rose Period (1905 to 1907) brought out paintings
with overall tones of orange and pink, many involving images of
harlequins. During this period he was seriously romantically
involved and the warmth of the relationship is seen in his palette
Soon after the Rose Period came an African Period
(1907 to 1909) that was influenced by artifacts from his personal
collection. Many paintings of this period repeat the use of two
Cubism, the style for which Picasso is most famous,
came into being when he and his friend and painter Braque challenged
each other to dissect and “analyze?objects, then paint them in
terms of their shapes. Color played a large part in this period of
work ?monochromatic browns and shadow tones prevailed as a common
thread. Each artist developed the style in his own way and each had
His Cubist Period ran from 1909 to 1919, and
included the use of collage as a fine art form. Heretofore, no
artist had used collage and cut paper to convey images. Imagine art
Picasso had many artist friends and some rivals.
Matisse was one of the “gentle?rivalries experienced in Picasso’s
lifetime. Both were strong, talented and seemed to challenge one
another. A recent collection of works by both artists reveals they
had a lot in common, although their styles were personal and not
derivative. The bold, outlined and highly decorative nature of both
artists' works is without question.
Historically, a lot happened during the 90+ years
Picasso lived, but he remained detached from any personal
commitment. He was a proclaimed pacifist, refusing to fight for any
side in the Spanish American War, World War I or World War II. If
was thought by many of his contemporaries that his dislike of war
and his unwillingness to fight was less political and more
cowardice. Being Spanish but living in France during these
conflicts, he escaped involvement and thus proclaimed and solidified
his pacifistic standing. He did, however, remain a member of the
Communist Party until his death.
At the time of his death, Picasso had enjoyed wide
acceptance as the greatest artist of his time. Many of his works
were recognized within his lifetime. Some include The Old
Guitarist from Picasso’s Blue Period, on display at the Museum
of Modern Art; Las Meninas Series, on display at the Picasso
Museum in Barcelona, Spain; and Guernica, in Madrid, Spain.
“My mother said to me, ‘If you are a soldier, you
will become a general. If you are a monk, you will become the Pope.?
Instead, I was a painter, and became Picasso.?- Pablo Ruiz
Picasso. Last words: “Drink to me.?/td>
Painting How To
Painting on a Grand Scale
When artists gravitate towards large scale works,
they face some interesting challenges along with the actual creative
process. How art is created ?on a grand scale ?is different from
small artworks. Every aspect of the act of mural painting and other
large scale artwork has considerations that make it fun and
stimulating - well worth those deliberations.
From the very ground onto which the artist places
sketch lines, brushes of paint and blended colors, large scale
nudges the artist into new realms of production. In order to paint
large scale, the preferred ground ?canvas of some sort ?must be
acquired in an appropriate size. The content of the canvas and its
weight are both vital considerations when the painted surface is
Widths/lengths and fiber content of canvas-type
grounds vary greatly, but there are sizes as large as 12 feet wide.
More commonly, large scale works are completed on canvas of 60? 72?
or 84?widths. Roll length purchases are necessary and can vary by
manufacturer ?from 6 feet to 25 yards.
But, after width and length, the fiber content may
be the single most important element of the painting. As you would
expect, there is cotton fiber in a variety of weights, but there is
also linen, jute, cotton/linen blends polyester (all synthetic) and
cotton/poly blends and all can be found primed and unprimed. The
weight and texture of the canvas will have an important bearing on
the finished artwork, and most artists match their style with the
texture and surface of their ground. Choices abound!
Rather than traditionally sized tubes of paint, most
muralists/large scale painters use jars, tubs ?even gallons of
artists?colors. Most manufacturers of paint offer a wide selection
in larger quantities. Selection of textures in those containers is
also sometimes available. Thicker paint means more pigment for
application and working into large spaces.
tools include brushes for sure, but those used are much larger in
size. Consider when doing any work—if the scale were huge, you would
want to use larger brushes. And, additionally, rollers (like those
used for wall painting) and trowels are also used in larger scale
works ?tools that would be difficult to use small scale become a
necessity for bigger works. Trowels, scrapers, and tools not often
associated with “painterly?applications are used by muralists and
accomplish the job they want. Painting pads and hand “mops?for
decorative surfacing of walls can come in very handy on larger scale
Easels play a big part in big works. Studio easels
in both wood and metal often accept works as large as 5-8 feet tall.
They help hold the work at the proper level ?that at which it will
be viewed ?so the artist is always aware of the scope, perspective
and dynamics of his/her work. Some artists who do large scale work
cover a wall with plywood and then staple or tack their canvas to
that surface at the proper level for work and viewing. Easels and
wall attachments ?whatever they might be ?help artists by allowing
them to step back and take in the “big picture.?For large stretched
canvas, wall mounted easels are great. They can accommodate works of
around 100 inches in height. They are sturdy, help hold the
stretched canvas firmly and adjust to all points up to around 100
And lastly some artists employ the use of airbrush
to do a lot of the design layout and fill-in on large works.
Texturing with an airbrush can be accomplished by painting through
screening, metal mesh, decorative pierced metal sheeting and many
more items. Airbrush gives the type of color gradation almost
impossible to achieve in any other way. Mists of tone-on-tone and
the softness achieved is a huge asset to some muralists.
In review, large scale artworks bring new thought
processes to ponder and hurdles to overcome. But, isn’t that what
contributes to making art so enjoyable and rewarding—to accept the
intellectual stimulation of such works and to succeed.
Printmaking Techniques & Materials
No matter the level of your involvement with
printmaking, it is sure to be exciting. In some techniques,
duplication of results is nearly impossible, which seems a bit
contradictory to the basic term: printmaking. Let’s take, for
our first example, the most direct and simple of prints…monoprints.
A monoprint (mono meaning one) is created
by applying ink or paint to a hard flat surface (plate),
pressing paper against the plate and lifting the paper from the
plate. The resulting print is one-of-a-kind, since ink or paint
would be nearly impossible to set in the same place time after
time. Simple doesn’t mean uninteresting, and this is a great
technique for any artist.
Collagraph, a very simple form of
printmaking, is a print created from a plate (Masonite, mat
board, chip board, etc.) that has natural and/or found objects
with texture glued to it. The surface of the plate is sealed
and, when dry, is inked on the textured plate, excess removed
and a paper placed on top. Downward pressure (using a press or
hand roller) presses the paper and ink together and the images
are transferred (in reverse) to the paper. Again, the simplicity
of collagraph prints makes them easy for everyone to try. Many,
but not unlimited, prints can be made from a master collagraph
Wood block (woodcut) printing advances in
difficulty because the artist uses special gouges and carving
tools to create a dimensional image in a wood block. The high
surfaces of the wood block are inked, paper is pressed against
the inked areas and the resulting image is a woodblock print.
Surfaces other than wood can be used; linoleum, wax, and rubber
are a few that are a bit easier to carve. Early wood block
designs were used for fabric embellishment and those blocks
endure as collectables.
Reduction prints are created with care by
print artists who desire more color and texture in their work.
Each color is printed individually on the ever-decreasing wood
block. Working from back to front colorwise, the artist reduces
the wood block with every color, printing that part of the plate
that will reflect a specific color, and then removing more mass
to print the next color. When finished, the only areas that
remain on the block are those representing the very last color.
Drypoint etching is more involved because
it starts with a metal plate. The plate is scribed (scratched)
by the artist to record a subject. Ink is rubbed into the slight
toothy grooves created by the scribing. Paper is then put on the
plate, pressed and the resulting print is pulled away from the
plate. For all but the tiniest of printed images, a printing
press is invaluable in the process. Strong definition and
evenness is difficult with hand pressing methods. Many prints
can be made from the original plate. Etching can be taken yet
another step by using acid to enlarge and remove areas of the
Intaglio prints are made from a metal
base into which designs have been created. This is often done
with harsh chemicals, the metal dissolving where there are
scribed or etched lines that have been made through a protective
covering. Because of the chemical contact (acids), this level of
printmaking is considered advanced and should be done under
supervision and instruction. Many prints can be made from the
original plate. Ink is rubbed into the low areas, paper is
pressed to the surface and a print is created.
following is a simple explanation of some terms associated with
brayer - a hard rubber roller on a handle
used to transfer ink to the plate.
plate ?a surface on which an image is
formed, usually metal.
baren - a circular padded tool used to
rub against the back of paper to obtain an image from a master.
hard ground -an acid-resistant material
applied to an etching plate through which you scribe to create a
mordant - an acid or other corrosive
substance used to “bite?into a metal plate to create an image on
gouge ?a V- or U-shaped tool for cutting
a wood or linoleum block.